A Brief Look At The Different Types Of Martial Arts

Various types of martial arts exist, with each of them having a unique purpose in combat. Some of these styles have been around for centuries, while others were developed in more modern times. What all of these styles have in common is they teach a form of fighting to their followers and allow these individuals to defend themselves when necessary. These martial arts are also broken down into various sections, like striking, grappling, and takedown styles, giving people the chance to learn a number of different disciplines along the way. I’m going to start looking at some which these days are arguably more in the sport arena than martial art.BoxingBoxing is one of the most well-known martial arts in the world because of its popularity as a sport. It is believed that boxing began in 688 BC at the Olympic Games in Greece, as records show people punching each other at that time. Boxing was also popular in Rome during the same time period, with combatants wearing primitive forms of gloves and contents often ending in death. The sport decreased in popularity after the fall of Rome until the 1700s, as it became significant in England. This popularity continued and new rules were introduced to make it into more of a sport. For example, the hitting of a downed opponent was banned, as were low blows. Eventually, the Marquess of Queensberry rules were introduced that outlined the ring, the use of gloves, and many other rules that are still used today.KickboxingFull Contact Kick boxing developed from Thai-Boxing and other Martial Arts influences, the first bouts being seen in the early 1970′s. These days however it seems to be lighter contact, with a large emphasis placed on light fast strikes scoring points.Muay ThaiMuay Thai originated in Thailand sometime between 1238 and 1377, as it was prevalent during the Sukothai Era. There are a few different aspects to Muay Thai, including kicks, punches, knees, and elbows. A clinch is also used by many practitioners as a way to expose an opponent to these strikes. Gloves are used by fighters and a good kick boxer can evade different strikes in an efficient manner. This is a relatively new sport, as it was previously used for self-defense purposes, but it has become very popular in a short period of time in various places all over the world.Brazilian Jiu JitsuOne of the more popular grappling arts in the world is called Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, which is mainly based on ground fighting, although it does incorporate takedowns. Submissions are the main weapon used in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, as practitioners can either choke an opponent out or manipulate, or break, joints using pressure. This is a very effective form of self-defense because experts in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu are very comfortable on their backs, making it possible for them to defend themselves in a variety of different situations. The guard position is particularly effective, as it is used when trying to prevent an attacker from doing any damage to you.WrestlingWrestling is often recognized as the first martial art, as its origins go back as far as human beings have existed, as cave paintings depicting the sports are as much as 15,000 years old. More modern versions of the sport have been around since around 1100 AD, which was when it began to appear in Europe. Wrestling generally involves takedowns and ground fighting, although various forms exist. Separate martial arts like Judo and Sambo are based on wrestling, as they involve throws and takedowns as well. Catch wrestling is a subsection of the sport that involves submission holds and was popular in the early days of mixed martial arts. Wrestling is also a sport in the modern Olympic Games, with Greco-Roman and freestyle forms being used. The sport remains very popular all over the world and American colleges and high schools frequently have wrestling teams compete against one another. It should be noted that despite the similar name, professional wrestling has very few similarities to amateur wrestling, as amateur wrestling is a legitimate sport.JudoJapanese Sport – Developed by Jigoro Kano from Ju-Jitsu, infact it was originally known as Kano Ju-Jitsu. These days it’s all about competition, it’s translated as the Gentle Way, though quite often the gentle side seems to be forgotten and there is a lot of strength used. A sport focussed on taking your attacker to the ground with throws or trips then rolling around trying to immobilise your opponent with locks or pins. Good for Fitness, can be good for flexibility.SamboA Russian Martial Art, that has split into 3 different areas, it has a pure sport side, that whilst it has been demonstrated at the Olympic Games, has not been recognised by them. A lot of similarities to Judo. It also has a practical self-defence side as well, looking at defensive techniques, lastly it has combat Sambo utilising tecniques from both of the above as well as its own, and applying its own nasty twists.KickboxingSport, Pretty much everywhere – Full Contact Kick boxing developed from Thai-Boxing and other Martial Arts influences, the first bouts being seen in the early 1970′s. These days however it seems to be lighter contact, and a big emphasis placed on light fast strikes scoring points.KarateKarate is an ancient martial art that involves utilizing open hand strikes, punches, elbows, kicks, and knees to gain an advantage over an opponent. Practitioners are also taught to block incoming strikes and execute proper breathing techniques in order to remain successful. In addition to striking, some forms of karate include throws and submission holds. This gives practitioners the ability to defend themselves in any position, which is the end goal of the martial art.Ju-JitsuIt’s my favourite as you might expect, its a Japanese Martial Art, around for a long long time, hard to trace exact origins, but can be traced back to Samurai and long before. Includes everything, pretty much, punching, biting kicking, knees, eye gouge, pressure points, whatever it takes to win a fight. Striking is not something that Ju-Jitsu covers as much as some other arts, due in part to the history, this was a battlefield art, to be used when the weapons had been lost, however seeing as your opponent would usually be wearing armour,hitting them was not the best option, but throws, locks chokes, strangles all play a part. To what level or degree you are taught some of these will be determined a lot by the school that you go to. Over the last few years, and by that I mean ten to twenty there has been a growing resurgence in Ju-Jitsu, but largely focused on the sporting side, due to the huge success of people like the Gracies, but then there are those of us that like to cover all of the other bits as well, the stuff that a sports rules usually stop you learning. Essentially, if you want a good all round Martial Art, one that is highly practical, then this is a good one.AikidoAgain a Japanese art. In general terms, quite a modern art founded by O-Sensei Morihei Oeshiba,this is an art derived essentially from Ju-Jitsu, focussing more on dis-engagement safely though, utilises the circular motions heavily, very good at using an attackers force against them. There are a lot of “soft” schools out there, the “flowery” kind, while they have their place, they represent a different thing to the original thing, If you have ever been thrown by someone who really knows what they are doing in Aikido, then it’s not soft and it works. I used to think that people just jumped and went with the throws, like Kotegai ish, and to an extent they do, but that’s because if they don’t go with it a bit, they lose their wrist. A good flowing art, hard on the joints, especially wrists and knees, very traditional.IaidoA Japanese art, usually slow and controlled, covers drawing the sword from the scabbard, striking or cutting the opponent, removing blood from the blade and replacing the blade in the scabbard. A lot of ceremony, I’ve had it described to me as a control freaks art, I hasten to add this was said by a 2nd Dan in Iaido!Kung FuA Chinese art, that has many many forms or styles, used a lot in Films, can be very flashy, but can also be effective if done right. It has become very popular over the past decade or so, thanks to films with Jet Li, Jackie Chan and then big tours by the Shaolin Monks were people have been amazed by the things they do. Good for fitness, flexibility, if done very very well, then it can be good self-defence.Wing ChunA Chinese Martial art, legend has it that it was created by Yim Wing Chun, and it is excellent as a close quarter combat martial art. Good at close quarters self-defence. Good at the trapping distance where a lot of arts are let down.Pencak SilatAn Indonesian collection of Martial Arts, when seen or tried, then some of the movements can seem very similar to some forms of Kung Fu.EscrimaA Filipino Art, focussing on stick and sometimes swords. Most modern Escrima you see tends to focus around the stick work, very fast and impressive when done right. Good for the focus.Krav MagaAn Isreali art, focusing on close quarter work, looking at neutralizing any threat as fast and hard as possible and getting out of there, used by Isreali special forces, uses anything and everything to win whatever the cost. Nasty, but effective a good principal pushed here is whatever you do you keep moving forward, once you’ve started to attack you keep going, and I was surprised how many people struggle with this concept.Tai ChiA Chinese art, although these days it tends to focus on the healing, gentle non-impact style, it is worth remembering that it is still a Martial Art, and as such it’s moves if taught and applied correctly, are still there to actually cause damage. Though more and more this side seems to be becoming diluted and potentially lost. At least in the West. Good for those less mobile, looking at the discipline and health benefits.Jeet Kune DoBruce Lee’s art. Say no more! Actually, I will, based on Wing Chun,Kung Fu, it was then developed to incorporate other areas, to attempt to make a “complete” art. So takes the “Trapping distance” that Wing Chun covers better than most others, for example, and develops it and adds extras from other areas. Pretty much the most modern art I’ll have listed here, by a long way. A good all around art.TaekwondoKorean Martial Art. Again worth noting that proper Taekwondo is not what you see in the sports, like the Olympics, I watched a couple of bouts and turned over the TV! Proper Taekwondo is still a martial arts, most clubs you will find today will be focussed on the sport side. Light, fast, and high kicks, as already stated, usually focussed on competitions, around forms or point scoring sparring. Good for fitness and flexibility.

What’s The Definition Of Physical Health and Does Good Health Naturally Mean All Natural Is Good?

Let’s begin with a good health definition in general. The WHO health definition (World Health Organization), albeit from 1948: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. Assuming that’s true, what’s the definition of physical health and does good health naturally mean that “all natural” is good, especially as it applies to food?What’s the definition of physical health?Is there one?Based on the WHO health definition as it applies to physical health, is it safe to say that simply because everything is working as it should in the absence of disease or infirmity (weakness or ailment), that we’re not necessarily in good physical health?What do you think?I personally believe there is more to being healthy in the moment. On the other hand, I also believe that because we are only guaranteed the present, if you’re healthy, don’t take it for granted. Enjoy it while you can.I also believe the state of our physical health depends largely on our personal health plan. In other words, it depends on how well we take care of ourselves on a regular basis. That includes:

Eating habits

Exercise habits or lack thereof

Sleep habits

Spiritual habits

General living habits
Without seeming as though I am a pundit, expert or zealot about any of the aforementioned, that I am personally the definition of physical health, the definition of spiritual health, or anything that resembles the definition of good health, in a nutshell, what I’m saying is all the bullet points have a bearing on our physical health.What do you think?It’s about good healthOne dictionary provides this definition of health:”The general condition of the body or mind with reference to soundness and vigor: good health; poor health.”The ancient Roman poet Virgil said, “The greatest wealth is health”.I couldn’t agree more but I am a bit troubled by the amount of over-emphasis placed on physical health, as if it is mutually exclusive from the other aspects of health.I believe health is about:





The “soundness and vigor” in which we pursue and maintain these factors has a direct and indirect effect on each and every one of the factors.Furthermore, I find it troubling that the word wealth is so overly associated with money and financial wealth.It’s not to say that I don’t see the importance of physical health and financial wealth. They are both key components of overall health but they are not stand-alone concepts.What are your thoughts?All NaturalThe “all natural” phenomenon, especially as it applies to food, is one of the biggest marketing ploys ever. If it’s not a scam, it’s a joke.It means nothing!There is a HUGE difference between organic and all natural. Don’t confuse the two and by all means don’t fall for the propaganda that leads you to believe they are one and the same. They’re not.Organic, at least as it applies to food, is highly regulated. It actually means something. However, keep in mind that just because it’s organic doesn’t necessarily mean it’s healthy.All natural can mean pretty much anything. As far as the food we eat is concerned, it is not regulated. It is a highly misleading tag.Don’t be fooled.I’m not saying don’t enjoy it. I’m not saying all natural is bad. I’m simply saying it’s about as superfluous term as there ever was. There is no depth to it.My formulaFor me, it all boils down to a few simple concepts and principles beginning with:



Best Effort
These are indispensable. They cost nothing and should be applied at all times.Next are the 5 F’s:

Food – Not just what we eat but includes anything we consume physically, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually. If we are what we eat, this says it all.

Fitness – Includes all the 5 bullet points mentioned above

Finances – Affected by the previous two and affects the previous and next two

Fulfillment – It’s about completion and includes all the bullet points mentioned

Fun – The importance of how it affects health and is affected by it is often overlooked
I have tagged the 5 F’s as the components of a bulletproof life.To sum it up, all the above is important but the proper balance is the key. I believe too many of us are simply out of balance. Furthermore, there is not a one-size-fits-all balancing act.Last but not least, from the late, great Redd Foxx:”Health nuts are going to feel stupid someday, lying in hospitals dying of nothing.”Agree? Disagree?Leave comments.

Who Else Wants a Higher Paying Job? 10 Sure-Fire Ways to Ace the Interview!

You have your polished resume. Your credentials are superb. Your talents fit the job description like a cozy glove. What can go wrong?Almost everything.We all make errors. Nevertheless, what will set you head and shoulders above your competition is recognizing the blunders… and preparing ahead of time. Here are 10 sure-fire ways to ace your dream job.1. Appearance:Most people dress from the “waist-up”. They have the perfect oxford button-down shirt, the perfect silk tie from Saks Fifth Avenue, and the blazer is razor sharp. However, they forget to polish their shoes to a mirror shine and iron the wrinkles out of their pants! Make sure your belt and socks match the color of your shoes, i.e., black shoes, black socks, black belt. This tells your interviewer that you pay attention to detail. Many times, I have observed interviewers look at my shoes when greeting me. Make sure they are always, always polished.Research how you can better your appearance. Small things like clean manicured nails make all the difference in the world.2. Don’t Be Arrogant:Ask any woman what turns her off the quickest during a date. Most will say that arrogance is a huge turn off. In an interview, the same principal applies. You may be the best candidate they have. If you come across as a insufferable snob, you will lose. To an interviewer, arrogance says, “I am a good talker but I cannot deliver what you need.” Confidence, though, will tell the same interviewer that you have what it takes to do the job time after time. Confidence projects the ability to be a team player.Learn the fine line between arrogance and confidence. Apply it to your everyday dealing and it will open treasured doors for you.3. Don’t Overemphasize Your Skill Set:We have worked hard to educate ourselves. We have the pedigrees to prove it. And we want to showcase them in the interview. That is a fatal mistake. What interviewers want to know is what can you do for the company?Learn to interweave your skill set with the company’s needs. That way you come across as someone who is interested in adding to the company’s success. You do not want to come across as someone who only wants to be a selfish superstar home run hitter.4. Be Prepared:With all the information available on the Internet, there is not one solid reason you should be unprepared for the interview. This means you need to do in-depth research about the company. Passing knowledge of the company tells the interviewer you are not really interested in the job. Ok, that may be untrue. One thing is feeling excited about the job prospect. It is totally another issue to show it.I had an interview once and I was going in blind. I knew nothing about my interviewers. However, I did my in-depth research including the previous day’s stock closing. When I took this paper out of my attache case, an older gentleman reached over, took it into his hands and started reading. He started smiling wide.He was the owner of the company.Guess who got the job?Do your research.5. Communicate, Communicate, Communicate!Interviewers LOVE to ask open ended questions. And we give them short answers. Bad form! Interviewers want to know how well you can communicate with other people. If you can shine in your verbal skills while under pressure, they will see that you will be an asset to the team in everyday dealings with other high profile VIPs and your co-workers. People who do not communicate have a rough time in a team setting.And no one wants to work with a crab.6. Show Interest:What is the toughest question in any interview? You got it.”Do you have any questions?”If you say no, you will show lack of interest. Think about it. When you go on a date, do you ask questions about your date? Sure you do. Why? Because you are interested. But if you show lack of interest by not asking questions, I can assure you will not have a second date.People love talking about themselves, about their jobs and their talents. This is especially true when the interview has a high profile position within the company. Take full advantage of that. Make them spend time telling you about themselves. They will forget about the candidate sitting outside. You take that time away from your competition. You will, in your interviewer’s eyes, look like the greatest conversationalist on the planet. And all you did was show interest.Ask about the company’s industry, competitors or business problems facing the firm at the moment. And watch them open up to you like long lost friends.If you and I were competing for the same position, this is the exact point where I would cut your throat. This is about me getting the job, not you. Understood? Good.7. Do Not Ask About PerksThis is simple. Stay away from “what is in it for me” questions. You want to give the sincere impression that you are there for the company and not the company for you. Let the interviewer tell you about the perks and benefits.8. Be FormalTreat an interview like a business meeting. Business is business. It is formal and serious. Business is about making money. And money talks. This is not the time to be casual and juggle bananas like a circus monkey. The interview wants to know if you have what it takes to make the company money. Even in comedy, it is said that “comedy is a serious business”.9. Focus on the Positive:The interview is not a therapy session. You ought to have a shining positive effect on your interviewers. Talk about what you learned in your previous position. Talk about your team and bosses in a good light. It shows the interviewer that no matter what happens, you will not bad mouth them or the company. And they will remember you fondly.10. Close the DealTell the interviewer how much you would love join the company. Ask what the next step in the interview process will entail? Sell yourself. Show interest and plant a subconscious seed in the interviewer’s mind that you believe you are the person for the job.If you forget to do this, they will forget you.Johnny Rivera (c) 2009